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by Chaoying Liu and Joseph C. Chen 

On January 24, 2018, we observed that the number of Coinhive web miner detections tripled due to a malvertising campaign. We discovered that advertisements found on high-traffic sites not only used Coinhive (detected by Trend Micro as JS_COINHIVE.GN), but also a separate web miner that connects to a private pool. Attackers abused Google’s DoubleClick, which develops and provides internet ad serving services, for traffic distribution. Data from the Trend Micro™ Smart Protection Network™ shows affected countries include Japan, France, Taiwan, Italy, and Spain. We have already disclosed our findings to Google.

We detected an almost 285% increase in the number of Coinhive miners on January 24. We started seeing an increase in traffic to five malicious domains on January 18. After closely examining the network traffic, we discovered that the traffic came from DoubleClick advertisements.

An analysis of the malvertisement-riddled pages revealed two different web miner scripts embedded and a script that displays the advertisement from DoubleClick. The affected webpage will show the legitimate advertisement while the two web miners covertly perform their task. We speculate that the attackers’ use of these advertisements on legitimate websites is a ploy to target a larger number of users, in comparison to only that of compromised devices. The traffic involving the abovementioned cryptocurrency miners has since decreased after January 24.

Figure 1. Activity of the malvertising campaign from January 18-24

Figure 2. Injection flow between legitimate Website and advertisement

Figure 2. Injection flow between legitimate website and advertisement

The advertisement has a JavaScript code that generates a random number between variables 1 and 101. When it generates a variable above 10, it will call out coinhive.min.js to mine 80% of the CPU power, which is what happens nine out of ten times. For the other 10%, a private web miner will be launched. The two web miners were configured with throttle 0.2, which means the miners will use 80% of the CPU’s resources for mining.

Figure 3. Advertisement embedded with a web miner and script to receive the ad

Figure 3. Advertisement embedded with a web miner and script to receive the ad

After de-obfuscating the private web miner called mqoj_1.js, there will be a JavaScript code that is still based on Coinhive. The modified web miner will use a different mining pool at wss[:]//ws[.]l33tsite[.]info[:]8443. This is done to avoid Coinhive’s 30% commission fee.

Figure 4. Comparing the modified web miner (left) and the original Coinhive web miner (right)

Figure 4. Comparing the modified web miner (left) and the original Coinhive web miner (right)

Figure 5. Details of the setting of the private web miner

Figure 5. Details of the setting of the private web miner

Countermeasures

Blocking JavaScript-based applications from running on browsers can prevent Coinhive miners from using CPU resources. Regularly patching and updating software—especially web browsers—can mitigate the impact of cryptocurrency malware and other threats that exploit system vulnerabilities.

Trend Micro™ Smart Protection Suites and Worry-Free™ Business Security protect end users and businesses from threats by detecting and blocking malicious files and all related URLs. Trend Micro™ Smart Protection Suites deliver several capabilities like high fidelity machine learning, web reputation services, behavior monitoring and application control that minimize the impact of this cryptocurrency miners and other threats.

Indicators of Compromise (IoC)

SHA256 (detected as JS_COINHIVE.GN)
e72737a8cf29eeae795a3918e56c07b4efa2e9ce241ec56053d6a95f878be231
296d081b6b0a6d1a09b5c54c35392a4d2ea0bec9a0c99e6351374628b713d8ed

 

Malicious domains Attribution
doubleclick1[.]xyz Malvertising Domain
doubleclick2[.]xyz Malvertising Domain
doubleclick3[.]xyz Malvertising Domain
doubleclick4[.]xyz Malvertising Domain
doubleclick5[.]xyz Malvertising Domain
doubleclick6[.]xyz Malvertising Domain
api[.]l33tsite[.]info Private Webminer Domain
ws[.]l33tsite[.]info Private Webminer Domain

 

By | 2018-01-26T22:39:11+00:00 January 26th, 2018|Categories: Anti-Malware|Comments Off on

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